AskDefine | Define notice

Dictionary Definition

notice

Noun

1 an announcement containing information about a future event; "you didn't give me enough notice"
2 the act of noticing or paying attention; "he escaped the notice of the police" [syn: observation, observance]
3 a request for payment; "the notification stated the grace period and the penalties for defaulting" [syn: notification]
4 advance notification (usually written) of the intention to withdraw from an arrangement or contract; "we received a notice to vacate the premises"; "he gave notice two months before he moved"
5 a sign posted in a public place as an advertisement; "a poster advertised the coming attractions" [syn: poster, posting, placard, bill, card]
6 polite or favorable attention; "his hard work soon attracted the teacher's notice"
7 a short critical review; "the play received good notices"

Verb

1 discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of; "She detected high levels of lead in her drinking water"; "We found traces of lead in the paint" [syn: detect, observe, find, discover]
2 notice or perceive; "She noted that someone was following her"; "mark my words" [syn: mark, note] [ant: ignore]
3 make or write a comment on; "he commented the paper of his colleague" [syn: comment, remark, point out]
4 express recognition of the presence or existence of, or acquaintance with; "He never acknowledges his colleagues when they run into him in the hallway"; "She acknowledged his complement with a smile"; "it is important to acknowledge the work of others in one's own writing" [syn: acknowledge]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) /ˈnəʊtɪs/
  • (US) /ˈnoʊtɪs/
  • Hyphenation: no·tice

Etymology

From notitia.

Noun

  1. The act of observing; perception.
    He took no notice of the changes, and went on as though nothing had happened.
    Project Gutenberg noticed that "notice" is the 777th most important word in the English language.
  2. A written or printed announcement.
    Shall we post a notice about the new policy?
  3. Formal notification or warning.
    I gave notice at work that I will quit in two weeks.''
  4. A published critical review of a play etc.

Translations

act of observing
  • Finnish: huomio, havainto
written or printed announcement
  • Czech: oznámení
  • Danish: notits
  • Esperanto: afiŝo
  • Finnish: ilmoitus
formal notification or warning
published critical review

Verb

  1. : To observe or take notice of.
    Did you notice the flowers in her yard?
  2. : To detect; to perceive with the mind.

Translations

to observe
  • Czech: všimnout si
  • Finnish: huomata, panna merkille
  • Greek: προσέχω (prosécho), αντιλαμβάνομαι (antilampánomai)
  • Italian: notare
  • Portuguese: notar, ver, perceber
  • Spanish: dar cuenta
to detect
  • Finnish: huomata
  • Portuguese: notar, ver, perceber

French

Etymology

From notitia

Noun

fr-noun f
  1. instruction
    Avez-vous lu la notice avant de monter le meuble?

Extensive Definition

Notice is the legal concept describing a requirement that a party be aware of legal process affecting their rights, obligations or duties. There are several types of notice: public notice (or legal notice), actual notice, constructive notice, and implied notice.

Service of process

At common law, notice is the fundamental principle in service of process. In this case, the service of process puts the defendant "on notice" of the allegations contained within the complaint, or other such pleading. Since notice is fundamental, a court may rule a pleading defective if it does not put the defendant on notice.
In a civil case, personal jurisdiction over a defendant is obtained by service of a summons. Service can be accomplished by personal delivery of the summons or subpoena to the person or an authorized agent of the person. Service may also be made by substituted means; for example, in many jurisdictions, service of a summons can be made on a person of suitable age and discretion at the residence or place of business of the defendant. Jurisdiction over corporations can often be obtained through a government body authorized to receive such process. In some jurisdictions the Clerk of the Court may be authorized to accept legal process for persons who cannot otherwise be found.

Due process

In the United States, the right to receive notice before the government deprives an individual of a protected interest is guaranteed, along with the opportunity to be heard, by the Due Process Clauses in the Fifth and Fourteenth amendments. The Sixth Amendment also specifically guarantees the right of a criminal defendant to be notified of the charges and their grounds.
If a court bases personal jurisdiction over an out-of-state or foreign defendant on a long-arm statute, the court must carefully select a means of notifying the defendant, to comply with the notice requirement of due process. Sometimes this is done by serving agents of the defendant located within the state. Because out-of-state defendants can't always be located easily, some state or local laws may allow for service by publication. An example of this would be printing a notice of the lawsuit in a newspaper published where the defendant is believed to reside. Because the failure of a defendant to appear in court results in a default judgment against him, such measures must be sufficiently calculated to give actual notice to the defendant to satisfy due process.
In Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co., the core case setting forth constitutional notice requirements, the U.S. Supreme Court held that notice must be "reasonably calculated, under all the circumstances, to apprise interested parties of the pendency of the action and afford them an opportunity to present their objections." Moreover, defendants must be notified by the "best practical means" available.

Notice and knowledge

Many statutes include that the accused knowingly have acted in violation. When a party is "put on notice" that they are in violation, continued action in violation may be sufficient to evidence knowledge.

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

account, acknowledge, acquaintance, admonish, admonishment, admonition, advert, advertence, advertency, advice, advise, alarm, alertness, allude, analysis, animadvert, announce, announcement, annunciation, apperception, appreciation, appreciativeness, apprehension, approval, assiduity, assiduousness, attend, attend to, attention, attention span, attentiveness, awareness, behold, bench warrant, blackmail, blue book, book review, briefing, bulletin, bulletin board, call, call for, capias, care, catch sight of, caution, caveat, censure, circular, claim, clap eyes on, cognition, cognizance, comment, commentary, commentation, communication, communique, concentration, concern, consciousness, consideration, contribution, critical bibliography, critical journal, critical notice, critical review, criticism, critique, data, datum, death warrant, declaration, demand, demand for, descry, detect, deterrent example, diligence, directive, directory, discern, discover, dispatch, distinguish, draft, drain, duty, ear, earnestness, edict, editorial, encyclical, enlightenment, enunciation, espial, espionage, espy, evidence, exaction, example, extortion, extortionate demand, facts, factual information, familiarization, fieri facias, final notice, final warning, gen, general information, give heed to, give notice, glimpse, gloss, grasp, guidebook, habere facias possessionem, handout, hard information, have in sight, heavy demand, heed, heedfulness, hint, identify, imposition, impost, incidental information, indent, info, inform, information, injunction, insight, insistent demand, instruction, intelligence, intentiveness, intentness, interdict, intimation, ken, knowledge, lay eyes on, leader, leading article, lesson, levy, light, literary criticism, look, look on, look upon, looking, lookout, make out, mandamus, mandate, mandatory injunction, manifesto, mark, memo, mention, message, mind, mindfulness, mittimus, monition, moral, nisi prius, noesis, nonnegotiable demand, note, notification, notify, object lesson, observance, observation, observe, order, pay attention to, perceive, perception, pick out, pick up, position paper, precept, presentation, press release, process, proclamation, program, programma, prohibitory injunction, promotional material, pronouncement, pronunciamento, proof, public notice, publication, publicity, realization, recognition, recognize, refer, regard, regardfulness, release, remark, report, requirement, requisition, respect, review, running commentary, rush, rush order, search warrant, see, sense, sensibility, sidelight, sight, spot, spy, spying, statement, take heed of, take in, take note, take note of, take notice, take notice of, tax, taxing, tend, the dope, the goods, the know, the scoop, thought, threat, tip-off, transmission, tribute, twig, ukase, ultimatum, understanding, verbum sapienti, view, viewing, warn, warning, warning piece, warrant, warrant of arrest, warrant of attorney, watch, watching, white book, white paper, witness, witnessing, word, writ, write-up
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